Elder Futhark Rune, Gungnir, Huginn and Muninn Ravens
1 ⅝" x 1 ⅝" (42×42 mm)
In Norse mythology, Gungnir (Old Norse “swaying one”) is the spear of the god Odin.
According to the Poetic Edda, the spear was fashioned by the Dwarves; Loki discovers the Spear whilst visiting the Dwarves (on an errand to commission golden hair for Sif). Loki flatters the Dwarves and asks the Spear of them, which they give him. In the Poetic Edda poem Völuspá, the Æsir-Vanir War is described as officially starting when Odin throws a spear over the heads of an assembly of Vanir gods. Whether or not this was specifically Gungnir is, however, unstated. In Sigrdrífumál, the valkyrie Sigrdrífa advises Sigurd on the magical application of runes. She gives Sigurd advice and shares with him lore, including that runes were carved on the tip of Gungnir.
Elder Futhark Rune
The Elder Futhark is the oldest form of the runic alphabet, with a Germanic character, used from the 2nd to the 8th century. About 350 inscriptions of this type of alphabet have survived, mainly from the Jutland Peninsula and Skåne. As a result of phonetic processes in Germanic languages, it was replaced in Scandinavia by the reduced so-called Younger Fuþark, and in Anglo-Saxon areas by the 28-character, and later 31-character Fuþork.
According to Norse beliefs, runes were given to people by the god Odin. Runes were also taught by Heimdall.
It is believed that runes are symbols working on the principle of “radiation of shapes”. Each symbol evokes subtle energies from the spiritual world and the cosmos. In addition, runes influence the subconscious by activating mental forces that are hidden under the threshold of consciousness. Nowadays, runes are used by some people to shape their personality (i.e. to strengthen certain features of the adept and eliminate others such as fear, anxiety, etc.).
|Fehu||f||the mobile property, power.||More about this rune|
|Uruz||u, v||aurochs – the primal forming force; Audhumla in the Edda, or drizzle – the primal fertilizing essence.||More about this rune|
|Thurisaz||th||Ása-Thórr, the enemy of unfriendly forces.||More about this rune|
|Ansuz||a||Ódhinn of the Æsir.||More about this rune|
|Raidho||r||The solar wagon, and the chariot of Thórr.||More about this rune|
|Kenaz||k||The controlled fire, cremation. The Gothic and Old Norse names are secondary – internal fire, inflammation, etc.||More about this rune|
|Gebo||g||That which is exchanged between gods and men.||More about this rune|
|Wunjo||w||Relationship of beings descended from the same source.||More about this rune|
|Hagalaz||h||Icy egg or seed of primal cosmic life and pattern.||More about this rune|
|Naudhiz||n||Need-fire and deliverance from distress.||More about this rune|
|Isa||i||Primal matter/antimatter.||More about this rune|
|Jera||j||Life cycle, the cycle of the sun.||More about this rune|
|Eihwaz||æ / e-i||yew as the tree of life and death – the world-tree, Yggdrasill.||More about this rune|
|Perthro||p||Divination as an indicator of ørlög, the “primal laws.”||More about this rune|
|Elhaz||z||Protective force, valkyrjur.||More about this rune|
|Sowilo||s||The holy solar wheel.||More about this rune|
|Tiwaz||t||The sky god.||More about this rune|
|Berkano||b||The numen of the birch as the earth mother.||More about this rune|
|Ehwaz||e||The twin gods or heroes in equine aspect.||More about this rune|
|Mannaz||m||The divine ancestor and sky father.||More about this rune|
|Laguz||l||Life energy and organic growth.||More about this rune|
|Ingwaz||ŋ / ng||The earth god.||More about this rune|
|Dagaz||d||The light of day.||More about this rune|
|Othala||o||Immobile hereditary property.||More about this rune|
Huginn and Muninn Ravens
Huginn and Muninn (“Thought” and “Memory”) are twin ravens from Norse mythology. They are the servants of the god Odin. According to the legend, they are sent every morning to collect news, then return to Odin at dusk. Every evening they report on events from all over the world – they whisper these messages into Odin’s ear.
Ravens and crows are not a happy sign in general. In most cultures, these birds are a symbol of disaster, war, or disease – they have often been seen flying over the battlefield or feeding on the fallen. Despite these negative traits, people have also seen the extraordinary intelligence of ravens – birds that often symbolize messengers (or news), as in the case of the Huginn and Muninn ravens.