The Elder Futhark is the oldest form of the runic alphabet, with a Germanic character, used from the 2nd to the 8th century. About 350 inscriptions of this type of alphabet have survived, mainly from the Jutland Peninsula and Skåne. As a result of phonetic processes in Germanic languages, it was replaced in Scandinavia by the reduced so-called Younger Fuþark, and in Anglo-Saxon areas by the 28-character, and later 31-character Fuþork.
According to Norse beliefs, runes were given to people by the god Odin. Runes were also taught by Heimdall.
It is believed that runes are symbols working on the principle of “radiation of shapes”. Each symbol evokes subtle energies from the spiritual world and the cosmos. In addition, runes influence the subconscious by activating mental forces that are hidden under the threshold of consciousness. Nowadays, runes are used by some people to shape their personality (i.e. to strengthen certain features of the adept and eliminate others such as fear, anxiety, etc.).More about Elder Futhark Runes you can find here