Odin, in his guise as a wanderer, by Georg von Rosen (1886).
Odin, in his guise as a wanderer, by Georg von Rosen (1886).

Odin is the highest Nordic god of the Æsir dynasty, the god of war and warriors, the god of wisdom, power, poetry, and magic. He was married to the goddess Frigg and father to Thor. All three gods were worshiped in the Uppsala Temple. Together with Freya, he led fallen warriors at Valhalla. In Germanic mythology, he is also known as Wuotan/Wōtan. Baldur, besides Thor, was also a very beautiful son of Odin – extremely popular and admired by the gods for such rare qualities as subtlety and delicacy, died as a result of the intrigue of a jealous and insidious Loki. Another son, Thor, was considered to be the second most important god of northern Germans, next to Odin. Mythology also mentions younger sons: Widar and Wali, who were to rule after the death of Odin and Thor.

One of the nicknames of Odin is Yggr or Ygg (Terrible). This nickname is a part of Yggdrasil’s name referring to “Tree of Life”, which included Asgard, Midgard, Utgard, and Hel. Odin’s attributes are raven, wolf, and spear. He has two ravens, Huginn and Muninn, and two wolves, Geri and Freki. Odin sits on the throne of Hlidskjalf, from which you can see everything that happens in nine worlds. Myths suggest that Odin has often changed his physical form. The images depict him mostly as a well-built middle-aged man with long, curly hair and a long, thick beard. One of Odin’s eye socket is empty after he gave his eye for the water from the source of wisdom.

Odin’s spear – Gungnir – brought victory to the side on which it fought in a battle. The Draupnir ring was a sign of abundance and wealth. Odin owes its performance to the dwarfs Sindri and Brokk. In a gesture of despair, he threw a ring at the funeral pyre of his son Baldr, who later returned it from Helheim through Hermod.

Odin’s symbol is a cross placed in a circle, known as the sun cross, and three triangles joined together to form a symbol of fallen warriors – Valknut.


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